Blanche Parry

Book Review for Women's History Magazine Issue 73, Autumn 2013:

In Bed With The Tudors,

The Sex Lives of a Dynasty from Elizabeth of York to Elizabeth I

by Amy Licence

Stroud: Amberley Publishing 2012. £20 / $29.95, ISBN 978 1 4456 0693 4 (hardback), pp. 256

Reviewed by Ruth E. Richardson M.Phil., author of 'Mistress Blanche, Queen Elizabeth I's Confidante

The Tudors of the title range from Elizabeth of York, queen of Henry VII, through to the wives of her two surviving sons, Arthur and Henry VIII, this Henry's mistresses, and then to her grand–daughters Mary I and Elizabeth I. The book, therefore, covers over a hundred years from 1485 to 1603. The format is chronological and the eleven chapter headings have dates attached for easy reference. The ladies concerned are Elizabeth of York, Catherine of Aragon, Elizabeth Blount, Mary Boleyn, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard, Catherine Parr, Mary I and Elizabeth I. However, in addition to the information on the domestic areas of the Tudor courts, the comparative life-styles of other women of the time are discussed: for example, that of Jane Yate of Berkshire.

In fact, the topics covered are far more numerous than the rather misleading title would suggest. They include: the position of women, all the arrangements of the wedding ceremony, suitable clothes, the dynastic backgrounds of the participants, establishing paternity, arranged marriages, arrangements for birth and how these changed, midwives, illegitimacy, religious icons and how these reflected the changes in religion, what could go wrong with a birth, poor hygiene, herbs and remedies, methods to preserve breasts and skin, breast-feeding, wet nurses, relevant poetry and songs, the Tudor understanding of how the body worked, why women were considered to be inferior males, why an ill body was considered to be the product of an ill mind or behaviour, punishments for lewdness, menstruation, the evidence for the non–consummation of Catherine of Aragon's marriage to Arthur, that the possibility of deprivation in her late teens was a cause of Catherine's difficulties in having children, worship at shrines, pilgrimage, infant mortality, poor nutrition and famine, the age of consent to marriage, Mass for expectant mothers, miscarriage, deformation, twins, churching, christenings, astrology, homosexuality, masturbation, two different standards of behaviour for women and men, and more. This is a cornucopia of really interesting information. It even points out that the significance of Henry VIII growing a beard was to indicate sexual prowess 'with facial hair being equated with the production of sperm and may have paralleled his desire to successfully father a male child'.

Unfortunately, however, the format makes this a difficult read. It is sad that the text is not more user–friendly. The paragraphs are far too long. The text would have seriously benefited from side–headings, or an old-style summary of contents, with relevant page numbers, at the start of each chapter. While sincerely appreciating the depth and scale of the author's research, she has been ill–served by the lack of any real editing. This has resulted in needless repetition and even factual misinformation. Margaret Beaufort, King Henry VII's mother, was not the Queen Mother for she had never been queen in her own right or married to a king. The Queen Mother was, in fact, Elizabeth Woodville wife of Edward IV but the text is apparently referring to Margaret not Elizabeth. It was Kirk O'Field in Edinburgh that was 'blown apart by gunpowder' resulting in the death of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, husband of Mary Queen of Scots, not the palace of Holyrood. The order of succession in Henry VIII's Will was: Edward VI and his children, Catherine Parr's children by Henry VIII, then Henry's daughter Mary and her children, his daughter Elizabeth and her children, and only then to the heirs of his sister Mary Rose, etc. Only if either daughter married without the consent of the

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